Therapeutic Potential of Recreation on Non-Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease: A Literature Review

Vaidehi Gharpure, MPT; Shrutika Parab, MPT; Aamreen Ryain, MPT; Amrita Ghosh, MPT

 

ABSTRACT

Background • Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system. Non-motor symptoms (NMSs) such as anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, autonomic dysregulation, and sensory impairments are as debilitating as motor symptoms and negatively impact an individual’s quality of life. While the majority appear in the prodromal stage, a few NMSs, like anxiety and hallucinations can also occur as a side effect of dopaminergic drugs. Physical activity-based recreation has emerged as a newer non-pharmacological approach to managing NMS in PD. However, there is a paucity of literature proving its efficacy in reducing NMS burden.

Primary Objective • The objective of the present review is to summarise evidence on the efficacy of physical activity-based recreation to manage NMSs in PD.

Methods • A literature search was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases. Fifty studies including randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, and cohort studies published between 2012-2022 were reviewed thoroughly as per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis-Scoping Review (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines.

Setting • India.

Participants • Individuals with PD.

Results • Three out of eight studies, one fair quality (level IIa) and two high-quality studies (level Ib and Ia respectively) observed the effects of dance on NMS, two high-quality studies (level Ib) examined the effects of Tai-chi, two high-quality studies (level Ia and Ib respectively) examined the effect of Qigong while the remaining one high-quality study (level Ia) assessed the effects of Yoga.

Conclusion •  Review findings indicate that yoga and Tai-chi followed by Qigong and dance are effective therapeutic adjuncts to regular physiotherapy interventions in alleviating NMSs in individuals with PD. (Adv Mind Body Med. 2024;38(2):28-32.)

 

Vaidehi Gharpure, MPT, MPT Scholar, MGM School of Physiotherapy, MGM Institute of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Shrutika Parab, MPT, Associate Professor, MGM School of Physiotherapy, MGM Institute of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Aamreen Ryain, MPT, Assistant Professor, MGM School of Physiotherapy, MGM Institute of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Amrita Ghosh, MPT, Associate Professor, MGM School of Physiotherapy, MGM Institute of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

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